Chord ChartA chord is produced when three or more different notes are played together at the same time.

Different combinations of notes produce different sounding chords and all chords will have a name.

A chord can be built from any combination of notes, although some will sound much better than others.

The note on which a chord is built and from which the chord takes its name is called the root note.

For example, ‘C’ is the root note of the ‘C Major’ chord. ‘E’ is the root note of the ‘E7′ chord’. F would be the root note of an ‘F# minor’ or ‘F#m’ chord

Here are instructions for how to work out and form a chord:

1) Find the major scale of the root note (7 notes in total).

Let’s use an easy scale to start with, lets’s take the C Major scale:
C D E F G A B

2) Extend the scale so it goes up two octaves.

C D E F G A B C D E F G A B

3) Number each note 1-14

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
C D E F G A B C D E  F  G  A  B

Chord Formula4) Choose the formula for the chord you want:

Let’s make a C-Major chord, look at the list.
The formula for a major chord is 1 : 3 : 5

This means that we need the 1st, 3rd and 5th notes of the ‘C’ Major scale.

5)Find the notes from the scale

Use step three to help you

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
C D E F G A B C D E  F  G  A  B

Looking at step 3, the 1 : 3 : 5 notes of a ‘C’ Major scale are C : E : G.
This means that a C-Major chord is made up of the notes C : E : G, in any order (but normally starting with the root note, C)

Let’s do another example:

The formula for a minor chord is 1: b3 : 5 (the ‘b’ in b3 means flattened. That means a ‘b3’ is called a flattened third)

To build a ‘C’ minor chord you need the 1st, b3 and 5th notes of the ‘C’ major scale.

So, the notes of a ‘C’ minor chord are C : Eb : G (notice how we have taken an ‘E’ note and added a ‘b’ to it? We have made ‘E’

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